gold standard

gold standard
aukso standartas statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Pinigų sistema, kurioje vienintele tarptautinių pinigų forma laikomas auksas; visų sistemoje dalyvaujančių šalių pinigų vertė yra tolygi nustatytam kiekiui aukso. Pirmą kartą savo pinigams pritaikė Britanija 1821, vėliau kitos šalys: Vokietija – 1871, JAV – 1879, Rusija ir Japonija – 1897. Kai visų valstybių pinigai turi aukso standartą, tada vienos šalies pinigus galima lengvai konvertuoti į kitos šalies pinigus – tai labai palengvina tarptautinę prekybą. Fiksuoti pinigų vertės standartai išsilaikė iki I pasaulinio karo. Po II pasaulinio karo sutarta, kad pasauliniais pinigais bus su aukso standartu susietas JAV doleris. Dolerio aukso standartas buvo taikomas iki 1971. atitikmenys: angl. gold standard

Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas. – Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla. . 2007.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gold standard — gold .standard n the gold standard technical the use of the value of gold as a fixed standard on which to base the value of money …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • gold standard — ☆ gold standard n. a monetary standard solely in terms of gold, in which the basic currency unit is made equal to and redeemable by a specified quantity of gold …   English World dictionary

  • gold standard — ► NOUN historical ▪ the system by which the value of a currency was defined in terms of gold …   English terms dictionary

  • Gold standard — For other uses, see Gold standard (disambiguation). Under a gold standard, paper notes are convertible into pre set, fixed quantities of gold. The gold standard is a monetary system in which the standard economic unit of account is a fixed mass… …   Wikipedia

  • gold standard — a monetary system with gold of specified weight and fineness as the unit of value. [1825 35, Amer.] * * * Monetary system in which the standard unit of currency is a fixed quantity of gold or is freely convertible into gold at a fixed price. The… …   Universalium

  • Gold Standard —    A standard defining a national currency in terms of a fixed weight of gold, and allowing a free exchange and trade of gold. Until the nineteenth century, most of the countries maintained a bimetallic monetary system, in which national monetary …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Gold Standard — A monetary system in which a country s government allows its currency unit to be freely converted into fixed amounts of gold and vice versa. The exchange rate under the gold standard monetary system is determined by the economic difference for an …   Investment dictionary

  • Gold standard — An international monetary system in which currencies are defined in terms of their gold content and payment imbalances between countries are settled in gold. It was in effect from about 1870 1914. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * gold… …   Financial and business terms

  • gold standard — An international monetary system in which currencies are defined in terms of their gold content, and payment imbalances between countries are settled in gold. It was in effect from about 1870 to 1914. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * gold… …   Financial and business terms

  • Gold Standard — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gold Standard peut faire référence à: Gold Standard, un test en médecine ou en statistiques Gold standard, Étalon or Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gold standard — n. 1) to adopt the gold standard 2) to go off the gold standard * * * to adopt the gold standard to go off the …   Combinatory dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”